Hemorrhoids: Risk factors

Article reviewed by Marc Steben
Article MarcSteben


The most common risk factors that may cause hemorrhoids are:

  • Constipation or diarrhea
  • Straining heavily or for a long period
  • Withholding bowel movement
  • Sitting for long periods of time
  • Standing for long periods of time
  • Overweight or obesity
  • Lifting heavy objects
  • Any other activity requiring intense effort
  • Pregnancy and childbirth
  • Rectal surgery
  • Weak or tense pelvic muscles
  • Loss of rectal muscle tone
  • Family predisposition

There might be one or more risk factors. Regardless of the cause, if you are dealing with hemorrhoid symptoms, you should see a health care professional right away. Treatment options are available to help relieve your symptoms and prevent other complications.