Bladder problems: No Laughing Matter

Even the mildest case of urinary incontinence is inconvenient and embarrassing. Urinary incontinence can have a negative impact on quality of life and may be associated with depression, anxiety, work impairment, and sexual dysfunction. Urinary incontinence also increases the risk of falls in older adults as they rush to get to the washroom in time.2

That is why it is so important to consult your healthcare professional to diagnose the root cause of your incontinence and determine the safest and most effective treatment option for you.

There are different types of urinary incontinence and a person with urinary incontinence can have one or more than one of the following types:

Stress Incontinence
Stress incontinence is when urine leaks when you exert pressure on your bladder by coughing, sneezing, laughing, exercising or lifting something heavy.2

Urge Incontinence
Urge incontinence is when you have a sudden, intense urge to urinate followed by an involuntary loss of urine. You may need to urinate often, including throughout the night. Urge incontinence may be caused by a minor condition, such as infection, or a more severe condition such as neurologic disorder or diabetes.2

Overflow Incontinence
Overflow incontinence is when you experience frequent or constant dribbling of urine due to a bladder that doesn't empty completely.2

Functional Incontinence
Functional incontinence is when a physical or mental impairment keeps you from making it to the toilet in time. For example, if you have severe arthritis, you may not be able to unbutton your pants quickly enough.2

Mixed Urinary Incontinence
Mixed urinary incontinence is when you experience more than one type of urinary incontinence. In other words, it is the complaint of involuntary leakage associated with urgency and also with exertion, effort, sneezing or coughing.2

Total Incontinence
Total incontinence means a complete absence of bladder control. In other words, you experience either continuous leakage or periodic uncontrolled emptying of your bladder.2

Nocturnal Enuresis (bedwetting)
Nocturnal enuresis is the complaint of loss of urine occurring during sleep.2

Overactive Bladder (OAB)
Overactive bladder consists of Urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia (awakening two or more times in the night to urinate2).

The good news? Help is available!
The good news is that treatment options are available to help with incontinence. Start by making an appointment with your healthcare professional today!


[1] Coyne KS, BJU International 2008. “The impact of overactive bladder, incontinence and other

lower urinary tract symptoms on quality of life, work productivity, sexuality and emotional well-being in men and women: results from the EPIC study” and Coyne KS, BJU International 2009. “The burden of lower urinary tract symptoms: evaluating the effect of LUTS on health-related quality of life, anxiety and depression: EpiLUTS”.